PUBLICIDAD

Iberdrola

Brussels launches a race to innovate more and better in defence technologies

Spain and EU countries found a military innovation centre in the face of the technological acceleration that prevails in new weapons systems
The European Union has given life to a new structure whose central task is to act as a catalyst and amplifier of technologies that are at the limits of the state of the art.

PHOTO/Techslang  -   The European Union has given life to a new structure whose central task is to act as a catalyst and amplifier of technologies that are at the limits of the state of the art.

The heads of the defence portfolios of the European Union nations have just approved the creation of a Defence Innovation Centre to accelerate, test, evaluate and validate emerging cutting-edge technologies that are useful in the military and dual-use fields.

The decision to establish a structure focused on promoting innovation and disruptive technologies in the field of defence was taken by the ministers on 17 May, during their last meeting in Brussels, which was also attended by Spain's Margarita Robles.

The centre has been given the acronym HEDI (Hub for EU Defence Innovation), and will form part of the European Defence Agency, the EDA, an organisation created in 2004 to which all EU member states belong - with the sole exception of Denmark - and whose purpose is to support and finance the development of military capabilities

PHOTO/EU - Los 26 ministros de Defensa del Comité de Dirección de la EDA aprobaron el 17 de mayo la creación del Centro de Innovación de la Defensa (HEDI), una de las 12 recomendaciones que incluye la Brújula Estratégica
PHOTO/EU - The 26 defence ministers of the EDA Steering Committee approved on 17 May the creation of the Centre for Defence Innovation (HEDI), one of the 12 recommendations of the Strategic Compass. 

The implementation of HEDI is the ninth of the 12 priorities recommended by the Strategic Compass, a document approved by the EU heads of state and government on 21 March. Commission President Ursula von der Leyen of Germany and Spain's Vice-President and High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell are two of the driving forces behind it.

The EU wants its armaments agency to play a greater role in innovation and for companies and research institutions to embark on novel projects that result in disruptive products, processes or services of military interest. HEDI is Brussels' reaction to NATO's activation in 2021 of the Defence Innovation Accelerator for the North Atlantic, or DIANA, a fund to promote transatlantic cooperation in critical technologies and closer collaboration with industries and research institutions.

PHOTO/Siemens - La HEDI concentrará sus trabajos en seis prioridades: sistema soldado, carros de combate, buques patrulleros, sistemas contra vehículos aéreos no tripulados, aplicaciones de la defensa en el espacio ultraterrestre y movilidad militar
PHOTO/Siemens - HEDI will concentrate its work on six priorities: soldier systems, battle tanks, patrol vessels, counter-unmanned aerial vehicle systems, defence applications in outer space and military mobility.
31 May: European Defence Innovation Day

The EU wants to be no less than NATO and has created an instrument that will allow it to be both a "catalyst and amplifier" of new technologies, so HEDI will operate at the limits of the state of the art. In principle, its work will focus on six priorities already defined by the EDA in 2020: soldier systems, battle tanks, patrol vessels, counter-unmanned aerial vehicle systems, defence applications in outer space and military mobility.

To raise awareness of HEDI, the EDA plans to hold what it has dubbed European Defence Innovation Day on 31 May, where researchers and organisations dedicated to fostering innovation will come together in different workshops and forums to bear witness to the collaboration undertaken between the various European innovation actors working in the fields of defence.

But the EDA is not a newcomer to the innovation scene. It has been supporting such initiatives since 2018. Proof of this is that a few weeks ago it published the fifth call for proposals for the Defence Innovation Award. In its 2023 edition, it will finance with 30,000 euros the two best projects that serve to improve the tracking and identification of debris and objects positioned in orbit and thus predict collisions, avoid them and prevent the loss of satellites.

PHOTO/EU - El conclave de titulares de Defensa europeos fue presidida por el responsable de Asuntos Exteriores y Política de Seguridad, Josep Borrell. A su izquierda, el director ejecutivo de la EDA y exministro de Defensa checo, Jirí Sedivy
PHOTO/EU - The European Defence Ministers' meeting was chaired by Josep Borrell, the EU's Minister for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. To his left is EDA Executive Director and former Czech Defence Minister Jirí Sedivy.

Nor is the interest in innovation suddenly sparked by the war in Ukraine. Florence Parly, France's defence minister until 20 May, when she was replaced by Sébastien Lecornu - President Emmanuel Macron's new head of the military portfolio - created the Agency for Defence Innovation (AID) in September 2018 and has been the driving force behind HEDI. 

Organisationally, the AID is part of the Directorate-General for Armaments (DGA) and is tasked with providing the French armed forces with an effective system that covers all areas of innovation and opens the way to new technological avenues. 

The head of the AID is Emmanuel Chiva, 52, a renowned biomathematical entrepreneur who has been working for more than 25 years on simulation applied to the military scenario, developing disruptive masking methods and artificial intelligence. The Agency's headquarters are located in the pharaonic headquarters of the French Ministry of Defence in Balard, in the south of Paris, which was inaugurated in November 2015 by François Hollande, then President of the Republic.

PHOTO/EU - Margarita Robles acudió a Bruselas acompañada por el secretario general de Política de Defensa, almirante Juan Martinez Núñez, y la representante de España en el Comité Político y de Seguridad, la embajadora María Elena Gómez Castro
PHOTO/EU - Margarita Robles went to Brussels accompanied by the Secretary General for Defence Policy, Admiral Juan Martinez Núñez, and Spain's representative on the Political and Security Committee, Ambassador María Elena Gómez Castro.
National innovation in defence

In Spain, the main official institution promoting innovation is the Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology (CDTI), a public business entity under the Ministry of Science and Innovation, which is also responsible for channelling national and international aid for R&D&I projects. In 2020, it committed a total of 833.59 million euros to directly support 1,406 R&D&I projects.

Within the Ministry of Defence, the body responsible is the sub-directorate general for Planning, Technology and Innovation, headed by the Army Major General José Luis Murga. Its functions include programming and controlling the execution of armament, material and research policies that are of interest to national defence, in coordination with Spanish and foreign organisations.

Its main instrument in the area of innovation is the Cooperation in Scientific Research and Development in Strategic Technologies programme, better known as COINCIDENTE. Its purpose is to host civilian technologies developed under the National R&D Plan and to incorporate advanced technological solutions useful for defence. 

PHOTO/Airbus DS - El principal instrumento que impulsa la innovación española en Defensa es el programa COINCIDENTE, que está bajo el control de la subdirección general de Planificación, Tecnología e Innovación que dirige el general José Luis Murga
PHOTO/Airbus DS - The main instrument driving Spanish innovation in Defence is the COINCIDENTE programme, which is under the control of the sub-directorate general for Planning, Technology and Innovation headed by General José Luis Murga. 

The National Institute for Aerospace Technology (INTA) can be considered the main R&D&I organisation for defence. A public research organisation, it has three technological campuses specialising in aerospace, land and naval systems. On 20 May, the new director general of INTA, Air Lieutenant General Julio Ayuso - until then deputy director general of Coordination and Plans - took office, taking over from Lieutenant General José Maria Salom, who has been at the helm of the Institute since the beginning of 2018.

Very recently, Professor of Applied Economics Antonio Fonfría, who is well versed in the defence sector, has advocated "getting out of the mental box" and setting up an organisation equivalent to the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the US Department of Defence institution responsible for innovating and making emerging technologies for military use a reality.

PHOTO/INTA - El Centro de Astrobiología del INTA-CSIC colabora con la NASA en la exploración de Marte. El teniente general Julio Ayuso (al fondo) es desde el 20 de mayo el nuevo director general del Instituto. Releva al teniente general José María Salom (izquierda), en la imagen junto al alcalde de Torrejón, Ignacio Vázquez
PHOTO/INTA - The INTA-CSIC Astrobiology Centre is collaborating with NASA in the exploration of Mars. Lieutenant General Julio Ayuso (in the background) has been the new Director General of the Institute since 20 May. He takes over from Lieutenant General José María Salom (left), pictured with the Mayor of Torrejón, Ignacio Vázquez.

Spain has "proprietary threats, which require our own solutions", Fonfría explains, "beyond those that Europe can provide or in which we can participate". He advocates changing the current innovation system, which is "tremendously fragmented, one for each Autonomous Community", and defining a "very long-term National Defence Innovation Strategy with sufficient funding".