Sudan announces new measures to overcome political crisis

With this new plan, the African country is trying to deal with a convulsive situation shaken by internal divisions within the government
hamdok-primer-ministro-sudan

PHOTO/BERND JUTRCZENKA  -   Sudan's Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok

Sudan is going through a turbulent period. Tensions between civilians and generals in the transitional government have increased since the thwarted attempt to carry out a new coup d'état. In response, Sudan's Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok has proposed a new roadmap to resolve the political crisis that threatens to destabilise the country.

In a speech, Hamdok called the September coup attempt an act that should "awaken the people" to support the new transitional political phase. According to the incumbent, "the serious political crisis we are experiencing right now is the worst and the most dangerous. It not only threatens the transition, it threatens our whole country. 

hamdok-primer-ministro-sudan
AFP/ ASHRAF SHAZLY  - Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok (centre) and Major General Malik Tayeb Khojali (left) inspect a guard of honour in El-Fasher, North Darfur.

In this context, the Prime Minister emphasised that the removal of the former al-Bashir regime's control over the state is a "constitutional obligation". He stressed that "it is an objective that must not be undone, but (we) can review the ways and means of working, ensuring the right to achieve justice". Furthermore, he stressed that "the root problems of this new political crisis have been there for a long time" and these measures "will help to accelerate the handover to an elected and civilian government".

In response to calls for the overthrow of the current government, the prime minister has appealed to try to end "friction between FFC groups" and try to broaden the components of the new transitional government. 

protestas-sudan-jartum
AFP - Sudanese women celebrate in Khartoum after the signing of the constitutional declaration for a civilian transition between the Transitional Military Council and the opposition.

The country's political friction stems from deep divisions between the civilian and military parties that have sought to lead the political transition under the power-sharing agreement in August 2019. Specifically, most of the differences are within the civilian alliance of the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC). 

Also, in the midst of social tension, Hamdok has proposed a ten-point plan to address the crisis and try to achieve democratisation in the country. Among them is a proposal for de-escalation between the two sides and a path to "engage in dialogue" on the divisive issues. 

These new policies come in response to Hamdok's rejection of the proposals put forward by the president of the Sovereign Transitional Council, Abdelfatá al-Burhan, to approve the dissolution of the government and form a new one with "greater military support".

sudan-consejo-soberano
AFP/ ASHRAF SHAZLY  - President of the Sovereign Council of Sudan General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan

Two years after the military overthrew Bashir's three-decade-long regime, the road to democracy in Sudan is a fragile one. Since the fall of Bashir, Sudan has maintained a civilian-military interim government. In recent days, however, tensions between civilians and generals have been rising to the point where thousands of protesters have taken to the streets demanding the return of the military to government.

According to RFI, the demonstrations were reportedly led by two former rebel leaders, including the current finance minister, Jibril Ibrahim. For Hamdok, "the essence of this crisis is the impossibility of agreeing on a national project to achieve the objectives of the glorious December revolution and the hopes of our people for freedom, peace and justice". These statements were issued hours before a demonstration that had been called by the dissident faction of the FFC grouping, under the orders of Minni Minnawi, who accused Hamdok of being to blame for the fact that power "has fallen into the hands of a few".